Doubts about slavery and legal modifications that occurred in the north and upper south, never took serious hold among whites in the lower south even in virginia, the move toward freeing some slaves was made more difficult by new legal restrictions in 1792. Focusing the poor white majority on racial solidarity rather than class inequality preserved the unequal social and political system in the south and shored up slavery since the vast majority of white southerners did not hold slaves, and had nothing in common with slaveholders, how was it that they were willing to fight a war for slavery. Below yeomen were poor, landless whites, who made up the majority of whites in the south these landless white men dreamed of owning land and slaves and served as slave overseers, drivers, and traders in the southern economy. Transcript of chapter 13: the slave south, 1820-1860 professor holloway chapter 13: the slave south, 1820-1860 1 the growing distinctiveness of the south calhoun points out how the conditions of free blacks had deteriorated in the free states poor whites the opinion that northerners hold is that slavery has caused the small farmer.
The catholic church in the south sanctified the political order of slavery and states' rights, with bishop augustin verot famously delivering a sermon at the beginning of the civil war that justified slavery in the same proslavery language that other southerners had been using for a generation. Urban slavery had an effect on the peculiar institution and the relationship between whites and blacks because black laborers were hired to work at docks, construction sites, drive carriages, and perform other jobs in the cities. Slavery in the south only one-fifth of southern families owned slaves, and only a handful of southerners owned more than 20 slaves yet the vast majority of southern whites supported the.
The impact on slave families was pro-found, including breaking up families and still, the system produced enormous wealth for whites, approximately four million bales of cotton each year c planters, smallholding yeomen, and tenants 1 although slavery impacted all of southern 178 chapter 12: the south expands: slavery and society. Accounts of this underclass as “an anomalous new breed of human,” as isenberg puts it, proliferated as poor whites without property spread west and south across the country. The united states of america, “a new nation, conceived in liberty and dedicated to the proposition that all men are created equal,” began as a slave society. The poor whites of the south seldom come in contact with the slaves at all, and thousands of them never saw a negro still, almost to a man, they are pro-slavery in sentiment. Racial segregation in the american south: jim crow laws but that often became impossible as the slaves were sold like property on a regular basis slaves had no right to marry, vote, own firearms, own property, learn to read or write, possess books, testify in court against whites, or speak abusively toward whites or go to the same.
Defenders of slavery argued that the sudden end to the slave economy would have had a profound and killing economic impact in the south where reliance on slave labor was the foundation of their economy. African americans had been enslaved in what became the united states since early in the 17th century even so, by the time of the american revolution and eventual adoption of the new constitution in 1787, slavery was actually a dying institution. How did the sharecropping system affect poor whites and blacks in the south 2 following 5 answers 5 between the debt and the hard working conditions, a second form of slavery is created it was not slavery with a person literally being owned but one of holding a person because they have no choice to go elsewhere. In the antebellum south, and particularly the impact of slavery on poor whites in many ways the book is an extended discussion of hinton rowan helper’s impending crisis of the south , with. Many poor and illiterate whites were excluded along with blacks, because at the heart of the campaign for white supremacy was the assurance that white elites would rule the south.
Indentured servants first arrived in america in the decade following the settlement of jamestown by the virginia company in 1607 the idea of indentured servitude was born of a need for cheap labor. Robin lindley: you stress that the conditions of poor whites in the south improved markedly with the end of slavery, but emancipation was imperfect for those once enslaved. The people that didn't own slaves had to live in a society that allowed slaves if they lived down in the south then they could be ignored or hurt because of their feelings about slavery everyone in society, even if they tried not to be, was affected. In the last section of the chapter, we see the impact of slavery on the south’s social system, value system, and political system despite the distance between slaveowners and nonslaveowners, the south.
The most difficult task confronting many southerners during reconstruction was devising a new system of labor to replace the shattered world of slavery the economic lives of planters, former slaves, and nonslaveholding whites, were transformed after the civil war. At the same time, that whites looked for a system of labor and the black codes to bind blacks to the land, as slavery had, freed people coveted land of their own and struggled to be masters of their own time and labor. Slave rebellions were a continuous source of fear in the american south, especially since black slaves accounted for more than one-third of the region’s population in the 18th century. The profitability of slavery is an enduring question of economic history thomas gowan, writing way back in 1942, noted wearily that “the debate  has been going on, in one form or another.
Below them were the poor whites of the south, about 10% of the population often times they were called “hillbillies,” “dirt eaters,” “crackers,” or “poor white trash” these poor whites eked out an existence on the poorest lands. The labor system in the south had some things in common with the wage labor system evolving in the north both were based on production of commodities for sale on the market, and both rested on private ownership of the means of production. Ch 2- reconstruction reconstruction was the period in united states history right after the civil war during this period the south was readmitted to the united states and laws were passed to protect the rights of newly freed african americans. Slaves sometimes had better physical living conditions than poor whites free blacks in the south not all african americans in the south before the civil war were slaves.
Poor whites suddenly had a direct, personal stake in the existence of a race-based system of slavery their own plight had not improved by much, but at least they were not slaves once the planter elite split the labor force, poor whites responded to the logic of their situation and sought ways to expand their racially privileged position 6.